Neuro ophthalmology is the speciality that deals with ophthalmic diseases with neurological problems and various optic nerve disorders.
Some of the common problems evaluated by neuro-ophthalmologists include:
- Optic nerve problems (optic neuritis and ischemic optic neuropathy)
- Visual field loss
- Unexplained visual loss
- Transient visual loss
- Visual disturbances
- Double vision
- Abnormal eye movements
- Thyroid eye disease
- Myasthenia gravis
- Unequal pupil size
- Eyelid abnormalities
Treatment depends on the underlying nature of the problem. The eye specialists spend a great deal of time dealing with people who have problems with eye movement or double vision as a consequence of disease within the eye socket or disease within the nerves that control the muscles of the eye.
Whenever possible, we employ conservative techniques such as the use of optical devices or prisms to eliminate double vision, but treatment options extend to and include surgical treatment of the eye muscle that adjusts or changes the movement or position of the eyes. Surgery is reserved for those for whom prism therapy in inadequate.
Our specialists have extensive experience in injecting botulinum toxin for control of eyelid and eye movements. They also treat a large number of patients with blepharospasm, neurologically classified as a focal dystonia, a condition in which involuntary closure of both eyes results in effective functional blindness when not treated.